discrimination


discrimination
discrimination di‧scrim‧i‧na‧tion [dɪˌskrɪmˈneɪʆn] noun [uncountable]
1. ECONOMICS the process of treating one market, country, type of product etc differently from another:

• the discrimination in favour of imported wine when it comes to excise duty

ˈprice discrimiˌnation ECONOMICS COMMERCE
the practice of charging different prices for the same product in different markets:

• Peak load pricing is a system of price discrimination whereby peak time users pay higher prices.

2. HUMAN RESOURCES LAW when a worker in a company is treated unfairly because of their race, sex, age etc, especially by not being considered for a job. This is illegal in many countries:

• The survey showed that there was unofficial discrimination against women in the engineering industry.

• The Bill prohibits employment discrimination against qualified disabled persons on the grounds of their disability.

ˈage discrimiˌnation HUMAN RESOURCES LAW
unfair treatment of someone because of their age, especially when they are not given a job because they are too old; = AGEISM
geˈnetic discrimiˌnation HUMAN RESOURCES LAW
unfair treatment of someone who has an illness that they were born with and that their parents also had:

• In one case of genetic discrimination, a patient with Gaucher's disease was denied a government job.

ˌpositive discrimiˈnation also reˌverse discrimiˈnation HUMAN RESOURCES
when one group of people are treated more favourably than another, often because they have been treated unfairly in the past:

• She is totally opposed to positive discrimination in favour of women.

ˈrace discrimiˌnation also ˈracial discrimiˌnation HUMAN RESOURCES LAW
when people from one race are treated less favourably than those from another:

• Race discrimination is still quite widespread.

ˈsex discrimiˌnation also ˈsexual discrimiˌnation HUMAN RESOURCES LAW
when people, especially women, are treated unfairly because of their sex, especially when this stops them getting a job or making progress in their job:

• Sex discrimination in private pension plans is illegal.

* * *

discrimination UK US /dɪˌskrɪmɪˈneɪʃən/ noun [U]
the practice of treating particular people, companies, or products differently from others, especially in an unfair way: »

He will work in partnership with a range of organizations to help eliminate discrimination against disabled people.

victims/targets of discrimination »

People sometimes have difficulty perceiving themselves as victims of discrimination.

discrimination on the basis of/grounds of sth »

Federal law bans discrimination on the basis of gender.

discrimination between sth (and sth) »

The new laws reduce the possibility of unfair discrimination between companies seeking to list on the Exchange.

»

racial/sex/age discrimination

»

fight/prohibit/tackle discrimination

»

The commission was created to address issues of discrimination in the workplace.

»

allegations/claims/complaints of discrimination

»

a discrimination case/lawsuit

See also AGE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. age discrimination), EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑employment discrimination), GENETIC DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑genetic discrimination), POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑positive discrimination), PRICE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑price discrimination), RACE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑race discrimination), REVERSE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑reverse discrimination), SEX DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑sex discrimination), WORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑workplace discrimination)

Financial and business terms. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • discrimination — [ diskriminasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1870; lat. discriminatio « séparation » 1 ♦ Psychol. Action de distinguer l un de l autre (des objets de pensée concrets). ⇒ distinction. Littér. Action de discerner, de distinguer les choses les unes des autres avec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • discrimination — I (bigotry) noun bias, blind zeal, class prejudice, favoritism, illiberality, intolerance, opinionativeness, preference, prejudice, race hatred, race prejudice, racialism, racism, unfairness, want of forbearance associated concepts: blacklist,… …   Law dictionary

  • DISCRIMINATION — DISCRIMINATION, distinguishing between people on the basis of the group to which the person belongs rather than individual characteristics. With rare exceptions, contemporary forms of discrimination against Jews were not based upon the type of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Discrimination — Dis*crim i*na tion, n. [L. discriminatio the contrasting of opposite thoughts.] 1. The act of discriminating, distinguishing, or noting and marking differences. [1913 Webster] To make an anxious discrimination between the miracle absolute and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • discrimination — 1640s, the making of distinctions, from L.L. discriminationem (nom. discriminatio), noun of action from pp. stem of discriminare (see DISCRIMINATE (Cf. discriminate)). Especially in a prejudicial way, based on race, 1866, Amer.Eng. Meaning… …   Etymology dictionary

  • discrimination — [n1] bias bigotry, favoritism, hatred, inequity, injustice, intolerance, partiality, prejudice, unfairness, wrong; concepts 29,689 Ant. fairness, tolerance discrimination [n2] particularity in taste acumen, acuteness, astucity, astuteness, bias,… …   New thesaurus

  • discrimination — penetration, insight, *discernment, perception, acumen Analogous words: wisdom, judgment, *sense: subtlety, logicalness or logic (see corresponding adjectives at LOGICAL) Contrasted words: crassness, density, dullness, slowness, stupidity (see… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • discrimination — ► NOUN 1) the action of discriminating against people. 2) recognition of the difference between one thing and another. 3) good judgement or taste …   English terms dictionary

  • discrimination — [di skrim΄i nā′shən] n. [L discriminatio] 1. the act of discriminating, or distinguishing differences 2. the ability to make or perceive distinctions; perception; discernment 3. a) partiality, or bias, in the treatment of a person or group, which …   English World dictionary

  • Discrimination — This article focuses on discrimination in sociology, not statistical discrimination. For other uses of the term, see the entry for discrimination at Wiktionary. Part of a series on …   Wikipedia